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Simplified DNA Extraction from Cell or Tissue

Author: Long-Cheng Li
Source: Protocol Online
Date Added: Tue May 14 2002
Date Modified: Thu Apr 29 2004
Abstract: This method doesn't require organic extraction and centrifugation. It's the most simplest way of preparing DNA and works great.


DNA extraction without phenol extraction and centrifugation.


1. Lysis: the lysis buffer (usually 0.5ml) is added to the tissue or cell ( for a 75cm2 flask, add 5ml directly to the cell). Digestion is complete within several hours at 37C (cell, 2-3h) or 55C (tissue) with agitation.

        Lysis buffer

                   100mM Tris Hcl pH 8.5            5ml

                    0.5M EDTA                          0.5ml

                    10% SDS                              1ml

                    5M NaCl                                2ml

                    20mg/ml Proteinase K           0.25ml

    Bring up to 50ml with dd water

2. isopropanol precipitation: one volume of isopropanol is added to the lysate and the samples are mixed or swirled until precipitation is complete ( about 10-20 min ) (viscosity completely gone).

3. Recovery of precipitate: the DNA is recovered by lifting the aggregated precipitate from the solution using a disposable yellow tip. Excess liquid is dabbed off and the DNA is dispersed in a prelabeled Eppendorf tube containing, depending on the size of the precipitate, 20 to 500ul to 10mM Tris HCl, 0.1mM EDTA, pH 7.5. complete dissolution of the DNA may requires several hours of agitation at 37C or 55C (may need overnight). It is important that the DNA is completely dissolved to ensure the reproducible removal of aliquots for analysis.


Adopted from Laird PW, Nucleic Acids Research 1991,19:4293

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