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how to find promoter region of a gene - (Sep/26/2004 )

hi, i am a new one here. i wanna study the methlyation level in the promoter of one gene, but from the genebank, only around 100 bp region at 5' primer of than gene was showed up. how can i find more information of that gene, esp its 5' promoter region, so i can design the MSP primers. Thanks



Hi Steven,

There are several ways of searching the promoter sequence of a gene.

1. Go to NCBI and search the nucleotide database using "gene name" and "promoter" or "5 flanking". You will probably end up with lot of sequences from your search because the Entrez search tool is not user friendly. Promoter sequences in NCBI GenBank are submitted by researchers and are usually characterized.

2. Alternatively (my approach), you can go to and search your gene. After you find it, go to geneview, click "View genomic sequence for this gene with exons highlighted". By default, 600 bp 5'-flanking sequence will be displayed with exons highlighted. For example, this URL displays human E-caderin gene genomic structure

The 5'-flanking sequences annotated by ensembl most likely contains the true promoter sequence of genes but not always due to potential misannotation. To further verify, you can copy that 5'-flanking sequence and do a blast search back to NCBI site to see if you can fish out the characterized (experimentally verified) promoter sequence. You can also analyze the sequence for CpG island and promoter features using some CpG island and promoter prediction programs.

Hope thtat helps.


hi, pcrman,

Thank you very much. i will try.