toxic test for HEK 293 - (Jan/17/2013 )
Unfortunately, despite the name, the exact type of cells produced by the transformation of the HEKs when the original experiments were being performed is unknown. Embryonic kidneys contain many cell types, not just differentiated kidney cells. The most recent evidence is that these are a neural type cell and as such are not able to be used as a kidney toxicity test.
Have a look on the ATCC (atcc.org) website for kidney cell lines.