having nice sharp bands in PCR but no signal in Real-Time PCR - (May/01/2012 )
I've been doing Real-Time PCR for a month. i'm trying to trace the Lactate Dehydrogenase virus through ORF-7(Open Reading Frame 7) of the virus genome. I have recently designed a set of primer to amplify a fragment gene present(84 bp) in an cDNA template. I did classical PCR after reverse transcription reaction resulting in sharp bands in the well of 1% agarose gel. I used the same samples (which had been led to the sharp bands in PCR) in Real-Time PCR for relative quantification but I got very wired results. i wander how can I optimize my Real-Time PCR reaction based on what I did in Normal PCR? what is the best cDNA and Primer concentration?
any help would be appreciated
5x Buffer 10µl
Template 2µl( 4 differnet concentration 500 ng, 200 ng, 100 ng and
P F(20µl) 1µl
P R(20µl) 1µl
Tag Pol 0.8 µl
H2O 36.2 µl
(35 cycles) :
95 °C– 1 min
95 °C– 15 sec
55 °C– 15 sec
72 °C– 10 sec
72 °C– 10 min
4 °C –
RNAase free Water 4µL
primer F 2µL
Primer R 2µL
MeteorTaq activation 5 min. 95 °C
40 Cycles 15 sec. 95 °C
1 min. 60 °C
here some of my result in Real-Time PCR
Have you run the products of your Real-Time PCR on a gel? Do they show anything?
The conditions of each reaction (normal vs real-time) are quite different, particularly the primers concentration. Assuming the stock is at 20uM (as you wrote 20ul and I'm not sure what that means).
For the Standard PCR you are using 392pM while for the real time you are putting 2uM of primer.
Your template concentration is also completely different (again here I'm assuming as you haven't actually said what volume you've added for the real time reaction) as you are using 2ul of template regardless of the final volume.
Finally, the cycling conditions are different too, I don't really understand why you'd expect to completely different reactions to work the same (regardless of the sample and primers being the same).
Another minor detail, is the volumes of your standard PCR add up to 51ul, so your buffer concentration is not 1x but I'm sure this is not a major problem.
In my opinion it'll be the primer concentration as you seem to be using way too much in your real time PCR.
hi, thanks for your reply
my PCR had set up for 35 cycles.
this is the protocol that i used for rt-pcr
2x reaction buffer
for cdna concentration of real-time pcr reaction i used concentration ranging from 50ng-200ng with different primer concentration 1/20, 1/15, 1/10 from 100 µM
Ozeir Kazemi on Tue May 1 23:26:40 2012 said:
I am in the same boat, for me also it doesn't working. I am able to see bands when I am doing normal RT PCR. In case of qRT PCR, when I ran the sample on gel, I am able to see those bands which was present in normal RT PCR.
I think there is no primer dimer in my case, because I am able to see just one band in my RT PCR as well as in qRT PCR.
I am using the same concentration and same volume of primer for qRT PCR as I was using for normal RT PCR.
I am using SYBR Green with 10X PCR Buffer (5 ul), 25mM MgCl2 (1ul), 25mM dNTP's (1ul), Forward primer 10uM (1ul), Reverse primer 10uM(1ul), cDNA template (2uL) and Taq Polymerase (1uL), and double distilled water (38uL).
In case of SYBR green I kept everything same, except this time double distilled water 38uL and SYBR Green 1uL.
I have tried to use 5X, 3X, 2X, 1X, .1X, .5X, .05X, .01X of SYBR GREEN.
My qPCR reactions in 384 well plates are generally:
1uM forward primer = 1ul
1uM reverse primer = 1ul
2X Roche LightCycler 480 SYBR Green master mix = 4ul
cDNA (diluted 1 in 15 from reaction made with 3ug RNA)
An average run for me looks something like:
5 minutes at 95°C
45 cycles of:
- 5 seconds at 95°C
- 10 seconds at 60°C
- 20 seconds at 72°C
- 1 second at 81°C (detection)