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DNA Isolation Protocol Plant Leaf


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Department of Biology, University of Leicester, LE1 7RH UK

Phone: +44/0 116 252 5079 / 3381

FAX: +44/0 116 252 2791

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(see also DNA RNA double isolation procedure if both DNA and RNA are needed)

Reagents needed

CTAB buffer

 2% CTAB                                            20gm CTAB

20mM EDTA                                       40ml EDTA stock (0.5M)

100mM Tris-Cl pH 8.0                        100ml Tris-Cl stock (1M)

1.4M NaCl                                          280ml NaCl stock (5M)

make up to 1 Litre with water, pH 7.5 - 8.0, and autoclave

+ 0.2% Mercaptoethanol

 Wash Buffer

76% Ethanol

10mM NH4 Ac

                                                DNA Extraction

1. Preheat 5ml CTAB (add 10l  mercaptoethanol to each 5ml CTAB) in a blue-topped 50ml centrifuge  tube at 60-65oC. Remove and discard midribs, and wrap laminae in aluminium foil and freeze in liquid nitrogen.  0.5 1.0 gm tissue/5ml CTAB                                                       

(Can store leaf material after liquid Nitrogen 1-2 days at 20 or 80 for longer periods)

2. Gently crumble leaf tissue over cold pestle of liquid nitrogen. Grind frozen leaf with one  spatula  of fine sand add 0.5 spatula of PVPP powder after grinding.

3. Scrape powder into dry tube and add pre-heated buffer and mix gently. Avoid leaving dry material around rim of tube. Adjust CTAB volume to give a slurry-like consistency, mix occasionally.

4. Incubate for 60 min at 60oC

5. Add equal volume of chloroform/iso-amyl alcohol (24:1),  Mix for about 3min, then transfer contents to narrow bore centrifuge tubes. Balance by adding extra chlor/iso. Spin 5,000rpm for 10min (ensure correct tubes used), brake  off. (For extra pure DNA isolation - spin and retain supernatent before chloroform extraction).

6. Remove supernatant with wide-bore pastette (cut off blue tip) to clean tube, repeat chloroform extraction once. Supernatent should be clear, though may be coloured.

7. Precipitate DNA with 0.66 vol. of cold isopropanol - can leave overnight. Spool out or spin down DNA, 2min at 2,000rpm.

8. Transfer to 5ml wash buffer for 20min.

9. Dry briefly and resuspend in 1ml T.E. (can be left overnight)

10. Add 1l 10mg/ml RNAse to each 1ml T.E./DNA mixture and incubate for 60min at 37oC.  (If RNASe in the sample  doesnt matter stages 11 and 12 may be omitted)

11. Dilute with 2 volumes  T.E. and add 0.3vol  3M Sodium acetate

(pH 8) + 2.5 vol cold 100% ethanol,

12. Spool DNA out. Air dry and resuspend in in 0.5 to 1ml T.E. (takes time) and freeze until required.


DNA Quantification

Make a 0.8% agarose gel with 1x TAE and 0.1l of Ethidium bromide per 10ml solution).  Load samples neat and at a 1 in 10 (1+9) dilution., with 3l loading buffer. Also include  a Lamda ladder cut with HindIII and EcoRI.  This contains 100ng of DNA per microlitre and use as follows:

1l  ladder + 4l water + 2l loading buffer

2l  ladder + 3l water + 2l loading buffer

The different bands of the ladder are of known molecular weight and known DNA concentration.   Match the brightness  of your samples with those of the two dilutions of the ladder.  Refer to the diagram to match the band with the concentration.  Remember that  although the ladder concentrations  are absolute, you have loaded 5l of sample and also diluted some of them.  This must be taken into account when calculating the strength of the sample s in ng/l.

Pestles and mortars washed for 20-30min in 0.25M HCl, rinsed in water and air-dried, all mess to be tidied up and tubes washed and left to drain.

John Bailey University of Leicester December 2003