My protein doesn't bind to the Ni-NTA columnHis-tag purification
Posted 07 November 2012 - 08:17 PM
I'm trying to purify a small protein (16 kDa) that has 6XHis tag at the C-terminus by the Ni-NTA column of QIAgen. This is membrane protein but highly soluble and expressed well in E. coli BL21(DE3). The pI of this protein is 6.4
I need to purify this protein under native condition.
The protocol that I used:
- Lyse the cell by sonication in the Lysis buffer (TE buffer: 10 mM Tris HCl, 1 mM EDTA, pH7.8), centrifuge down the cell debris
- Equilibrate the Ni-NTA column with Buffer 1 (50 mM Imidazole, 300 mM NaCl, 50 mM Tris-Cl, pH7.8)
- Load the cell lysate twice at room temperature, collect the unbound fraction
- Wash with Buffer 1
- Elute with Buffer 2 (250 mM Imidazole, 300 mM NaCl, 50 mM Tris-Cl, pH7.8)
- Wash with Buffer 3 (350 mM Imidazole, 300 mM NaCl, 50 mM Tris-Cl, pH7.8)
After checking on the SDS-PAGE, most of my protein showed in the unbound fraction, along with other proteins, and the rest showed in the first washing fraction (also with a lot of E. coli proteins that bound unspecifically to the column). Nothing was eluted from the column with neither Buffer 2 nor Buffer 3.
I cloned this gene again with 8XHis tag but the situation didn't change.
Now I guess that probably the pH of the buffer, that is much higher than the pI of this protein, may be the problem, or the worst case is this His tag can't be exposed. This protocol worked well with other 6XHis-tagged proteins (pI of 7.8 to 8.4) and they can be eluted with Buffer 2.
I want to reduce the pH of these buffers to pH6.2 but since the pI of the His tag is 7.2, could it cause problem with the binding?
Any suggestion from you is highly appreciated, thank you so much in advance.
Posted 07 November 2012 - 09:51 PM
Posted 07 November 2012 - 09:53 PM
Posted 07 November 2012 - 10:15 PM
Posted 08 November 2012 - 08:43 AM
genius does what it must
i do what i get paid to do