Promoter sequences are usually the sequence immediately upstream the transcription start site (TSS) or first exon. If we know the TSS of a gene, we will know with confidence where the promoter
is even without experimental characterization. For many organisms, such as as human, mouse, the genome is well annotated and TSS well defined. Thus promoter
sequence retrieval is an easy task. There are three major genome browsers: NCBI, Ensembl and UCSC. For our purpose, Ensembl provides the most convenient interface. Here is an example:
1 go to ensembl website: http://www.ensembl.org/index.html
2 choose an organism such as human http://www.ensembl.o...iens/Info/Index
3 Search your gene such as BRCA2 http://www.ensembl.o...ns;idx=;q=brca2
4 Click the right hit on the search result page and it will bring you to the gene summary page. For example the link to BRCA2 gene is http://www.ensembl.o...ns;idx=;q=brca2
5 On the left, under "Gene Summary", click "Sequence", the sequence of the gene including 5' flanking, exons, introns and flanking region will be displayed.
6 The exons are high lighted in pink background and red text, the sequence in front of the first exon is the promoter
7 By default, 600 bp 5'-flanking sequence (promoter
) is displayed. If you want to get more, click "Configure this page" in the lower left column, a popup window opens allowing to input the size of 5' Flanking sequence (upstream). You can put for example "1000" and then save the configuration.
8 Sometimes there are discrepancies between Ensembl and UCSC annotation regarding TSS. To make sure the first exon given by ensembl is right, copy the promoter
9 Go to UCSC BLAT search at http://genome.ucsc.e...t?command=start
and choose the right genome (eg, human), paste the sequence there. On the result page, click browse of the first hit, this will bring you to the genome browser Page. the query sequence is now aligned with UCSC genome sequence. Zoom out a bit, you will be able to determine whether the promoter
sequence matches UCSC annotation. If it matches, the sequence is very likely the right one. Here is the BRCA2 promoter
sequence aligned to BRAC2 gene .
10 In UCSC genome broswer, you can turn on CpG island feature, if there is CpG island in the promoter
sequence, the sequence is highly likely a true promoter
. In the above example (BRCA2), a CpG island is displayed in the proximal promoter
11 Beware some genes have alternative promoter
s. To find
those sequences, it requires extensive bioinformatics and experimental analysis.
MENTIONED BELOW ARE THE SEQUENCE WHICH I DEDUCED USING YR mRNA ref sequence
just copy paste the link u will get the entire sequencehttp://www.ensembl.o...ENSG00000111644
Hope this is info is helpful to you
I want to do methylation specific PCR. At first, I need to search the gene's promoter to design the probe. I find the mRNA sequence in NCBI, then the DNA sequence. Interestedly, the mRNA sequence is just located in the origination of the DNA sequence.
Usually, we find the promoter in the transcription start site upstream 2000bp. But i can't find any sequence before DNA except mRNA.
Would u please tell me the search protocol step by step? I am newer in this field. Any suggestions or guidance would be much appreciated. Thanks a lot!
Here is my gene's mRNA.
i|17999523|ref|NM_032489.2| Homo sapiens acrosin binding protein (ACRBP), mRNA