|Soft Agar Assay for Colony Formation |
|Contributor: || David Bowtell |
University of Melbourne, Australia
| A. Preparation of Base Agar |
1. Melt 1% Agar in a microwave and cool to 40°C in a waterbath.
2. Warm 2X RPMI + 20% FCS to 40°C in waterbath. Allow at least 30 minutes for temperature to equilibrate.
3. Mix equal volumes of the two solutions to give 0.5% Agar + 1X RPMI + 10% FCS.
4. Add 1.5 ml of mixture from Step #2 to each 35 mm Petri dish and set aside for 5 min. to allow agar to solidify (see Hint #1).
B. Preparation of Top Agarose
1. Melt 0.7% Agarose in a microwave and cool to 40°C in a waterbath (see Hint #2). Also warm 2X RPMI + 20% FCS to the same temperature.
2. Trypsinize adherent cells to release them and count the number of cells per ml (see Protocol ID#1934). It is very important to have a positive control for colony formation (e.g., A Ras- transformed cell line).
3. This procedure requires 5,000 cells/plate. By using 20,000/tube, there is enough to plate four agar plates from each original tissue culture plate. Adjust the volume so that the cell count = 200,000 cells/ml.
4. Add 0.1 ml of cell suspension to 10 ml tubes.
5. Label the 35 mm base agar dishes appropriately (from Step 3). (See Hint #3.)
6. To plate, add 3 ml of 2X RPMI + 10% or 20% FCS and 3 ml 0.7% Agarose to a tube of cells from Step 4. Mix gently by swirling and add 1.5 ml to each of the three or four replicate plates. Only do one tube at a time so that the agarose does not set prematurely.
7. Incubate plates at 37°C in humidified incubator for 10 to 14 days.
8. Stain plates with 0.5 ml of 0.005% Crystal Violet for more than 1 hour.
9. Count colonies using a dissecting microscope.
|0.005% Crystal Violet |
|2X RPMI + 20% (v/v) Fetal Calf Serum (FCS) |
|0.7% (w/v) Agarose (DNA grade) |
|1% (w/v) Agar (DNA grade) |
|BioReagents and Chemicals |
| Fetal Calf Serum (FCS) |
|Protocol Hints |
| 1. These plates can be stored at 4°C for up to 1 week. |
2. It is important not to exceed 40°C, otherwise the cells will be killed.