A question about alleles and mutations. - (Feb/04/2012 )
The human ABO-O allele differs from ABO-A by deletion of one bp (G261) at amino acid 87 of the 354 amino acid protein. What would be the blood type of a person who inherited one normal ABO-O allele and one ABO-O allele in which a new mutation had deleted a second base at the same position?
e. A novel blood type
Explain your answer in a few words.
My answer was d, that the person would have blood type O. ... because the person has 2 alleles, and the person inherited one ABO- O allele and one allele that has been mutated, the ABO-O allele would still be expressed even though a mutation has occurred in the other allele.
Can anyone explain what they think their answer may be? Thank you!!
I think D. The explanation is a little bit different though:
ABO gene expresses either A allele or B allele (whose protein product converts H antigen to either A or B antigens -more info on wikipedia-). O allele is created by the mutation that you talked about. One bp deletion causes frame shift in the expression of this protein which is not functional for processing blood type antigens.
you can think of this as a defective gene which has no function.
when there is another deletion in the same codon (second bp in the triplet) it will still cause a frameshift (even though a different protein will be translated due to the shifted reading frame). You can think of this as another defective gene.
the person will end up inhering two O alleles. Blood type will be O; BUT NOT because there is a "functional copy of O allele. Instead the person will have two defective copies which are unable to process blood type antigens.
hope that helps.